Tid: Onsdag 20 maj kl. 15:00–17:00
Plats: C307, Södra huset, Frescati

Seminariet är ett halvtidsseminarium baserat på Calle Börstells avhandlingsarbete.
Postseminarium följer direkt efter seminariet i institutionens pentry.

Abstract
Studies have shown that different orderings of core arguments and the predicate (i.e. sign order) are possible in signed languages, but the two orders SVO and SOV seem to be the most common types, orders which are also preferred in spoken languages (cf. Dryer 2011). A summary of sign order studies in 42 different sign languages arrives at the conclusion that different strategies pressure the languages into these sign order preferences (see Napoli & Sutton-Spence 2014). Interestingly, a bulk of work in the domain of sign-gesture comparison has shown that Actor-Patient-Action ordering (i.e. corresponding to SOV) is usually preferred in the visual modality, but that SVO is preferred with animate objects, in order to distinguish it more clearly from the actor (Gibson et al. 2007; Gibson et al. 2013; Futrell et al. 2015; Goldin-Meadow et al. 2008; Hall, Mayberry & Ferreira 2013; Hall et al. 2015; Meir et al. in preparation).

Following previous work on cross-linguistic comparisons of argument ordering in sign languages (Johnston et al. 2007) and taking into consideration verb types based on semantics and argument structure (e.g. Benedicto & Brentari 2004; Benedicto, Cvejanov & Quer 2007), this presentation will revolve around preliminary findings from Swedish Sign Language (SSL) based on elicited data, which will hopefully be a first step towards a corpus annotation and subsequent analysis.

If time allows, a description of corpus data of the object-marked pronoun in SSL will also be presented (Börstell forthcoming).

Benedicto, Elena & Diane Brentari. 2004. Where did all the arguments go?: Argument-changing properties of classifiers in ASL. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 22(4). 743–810.

Benedicto, Elena, Sandra Cvejanov & Josep Quer. 2007. Valency in classifier predicates: A syntactic analysis. Lingua 117(7). 1202–1215. doi:10.1016/j.lingua.2005.06.012.

Börstell, Carl. Forthcoming. Taking it PERSONally: The form and function of the case-marked pronoun OBJ-PRO in SSL. To be presented at the Theoretical Issues in Sign Language Linguistics conference (TISLR 12), January 2016, Melbourne, Australia.

Dryer, Matthew S. 2011. Order of subject, object, and verb. In Martin Haspelmath, Matthew S. Dryer, David Gil & Bernard Comrie (eds.), The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library.

Futrell, Richard, Tina Hickey, Aldrin Lee, Eunice Lim, Elena Luchkina & Edward Gibson. 2015. Cross-linguistic gestures reflect typological universals: A subject-initial, verb-final bias in speakers of diverse languages. Cognition 136. Elsevier B.V. 215–221. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2014.11.022.

Gibson, Edward, Steven T. Piantadosi, Kimberly Brink, Leon Bergen, Eunice Lim & Rebecca Saxe. 2007. The communicative basis of word order. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 104, 20167–72. doi:10.1073/pnas.0709640104.

Gibson, Edward, Steven T. Piantadosi, Kimberly Brink, Leon Bergen, Eunice Lim & Rebecca Saxe. 2013. A noisy-channel account of crosslinguistic word-order variation. Psychological science 24(7). 1079–88. doi:10.1177/0956797612463705.

Goldin-Meadow, Susan, Wing Chee So, Aslı Özyürek & Carolyn Mylander. 2008. The natural order of events: how speakers of different languages represent events nonverbally. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105(27). 9163–9168. doi:10.1073/pnas.0710060105.

Hall, Matthew L., Y. Danbi Ahn, Rachel I. Mayberry & Victor S. Ferreira. 2015. Production and comprehension show divergent constituent order preferences: Evidence from elicited pantomime. Journal of Memory and Language 81. Elsevier Inc. 16–33. doi:10.1016/j.jml.2014.12.003.

Hall, Matthew L., Rachel I. Mayberry & Victor S. Ferreira. 2013. Cognitive constraints on constituent order: Evidence from elicited pantomime. Cognition 129(1). Elsevier B.V. 1–17. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2013.05.004.

Johnston, Trevor, Myriam Vermeerbergen, Adam Schembri & Lorraine Leeson. 2007. “Real data are messy”: Considering cross-linguistic analysis of constituent ordering in Auslan, VGT, and ISL. In Pamela M. Perniss, Roland Pfau & Markus Steinbach (eds.), Visible variation: Cross-linguistic studies in sign language structure, 163–205. Berlin/New York, NY: Mouton de Gruyter.

Meir, Irit, Mark Aronoff, Carl Börstell, So-One Hwang, Deniz Ilkbasaran, Itamar Kastner, Ryan Lepic, Adi Lifshitz Ben Basat, Carol Padden & Wendy Sandler. In preparation. The origin of grammatical word order: Insights from novel communication systems and young sign languages.

Napoli, Donna Jo & Rachel Sutton-Spence. 2014. Order of the major constituents in sign languages: Implications for all language. Frontiers in Psychology 5. 1–18. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00376.

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