Tid: Torsdag 5 februari 2015 kl. 15:00–17:00
Plats: C389, Södra huset, Frescati

Seminariet är ett halvtidsseminarium baserat på Natalia Perkovas avhandlingsarbete.

Postseminarium följer direkt efter seminariet i institutionens pentry.

Abstract

In this talk, I'm going to report the results of the study of some non-canonical comitative constructions in the Circum-Baltic languages, such as German sentences with the verbs mitgehen or mitnehmen. These constructions have previously been discussed in (Stolz et al. 2006) from the perspective of participant orientation, but empirical data and their detailed analysis reveal more interesting facts about this phenomenon.

First, I revisit such constructions by comparing them to other semantically close categories from the perspective of plurality of participants as their common feature (in line with Arkhipov 2009 a, b). It can also be shown that the markers of constructions in focus function as presuppositional triggers, which allows to connect them more easily to canonical comitatives, coordinating markers and additive particles.

Second, I present the corpus-based study of Latvian līdzi, a highly dedicated marker of such constructions. The analysis of corpus data sheds light on the variation observed in līdzi-constructions. Several parameters, among them syntactic patterns, semantic types of predicates, animacy of participants, omittability of the backgrounded participant, are discussed as the factors relevant for the further classification of constructional subtypes and the evaluation of constructional productivity. The methodology proposed can also be applied to other languages, which will be shortly discussed in the end of the talk.

References

Arkhipov, A. 2009a. Tipologija komitativnyx konstrukcij [Typology of comitative constructions]. Moscow: Znak.

Arkhipov, A. 2009b. Comitative as a cross-linguistically valid category. In: P. Epps & A. Arkhipov (eds.) New Challenges in Typology: transcending the borders and refining the distinctions. (Trends in linguistics: Studies and monographs 217). Berlin – New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 223-246.

Stolz, T., Stroh, C. & Urdze, A. 2006. On Comitatives and Related Categories. A Typological Study with Special Focus on the Languages of Europe. (Empirical Approaches to Language Typology 33.) Berlin – New York: Mouton de Gruyter.