Time: Tuesday, June 7 2016, 15:00–17:25 (3 pm-5:25 pm)
Place: C307, Södra huset, Frescati


3.00 pm  Petra Hendriks, University of Groningen: The interplay between linguistic and cognitive factors in the acquisition of pronouns

A highly debated issue in linguistics is whether speakers take into account their listeners, and listeners take into account the speaker. If true, the acquisition of pronouns is expected to be dependent not only on the mastery of principles of grammar and discourse, but also on cognitive development (in particular the development of theory of mind and cognitive control). In this talk I will discuss recent and ongoing research on pronoun acquisition in my group, using theoretical modeling, psycholinguistic experiments and computational simulations. By comparing the interpretation and use of subject pronouns and object pronouns in young and elderly adults, typically developing children and children with Autism Spectrum Disorder or ADHD, this research aims to shed more light on the interplay between linguistic and cognitive factors in pronoun acquisition.

3.55 pm  Florian Jaeger, University of Rochester: The adaptive speaker: Articulation as communicative inference over a noisy motor plant

I briefly describe the idea that speakers (largely) implicitly conduct inferences about the likely communicative consequences of their articulations. Crucially--I argued--speakers would need to do so, keeping in mind that their articulations are implemented by a noisy motor plant. I give a few excerpts from a series of studies that begin to investigate this idea (Buz, Tanenhaus, & Jaeger, 2016-JML; Buz & Jaeger, in prep; Buz, Jaeger, & Tanenhaus, in prep; Seyfarth, Buz, & Jaeger, 2016-JASA). In particular, we analyze how hyper-articulation in response to the contextual co-presence of minimal voicing neighbors (e.g., "bin", when the target is "pin) affects the *distributional* realization of voicing. We find that hyper-articulation a) can be targeted on the critical segment, b) results in a reduced probability of producing perceptually confusable articulations, and c) can be dynamically adapted based on the perceived communicative success of previous productions. 

4.15 pm  Chigusa Kurumada, University of Rochester: Effects of speaker reliability on real-time derivation of contrastive inferences

One of the most difficult problems in comprehending language is its variability. Talkers differ in kinds of intentions they wish to convey as well as in how they linguistically encode them with various phonetic, phonological, lexical, and syntactic devices. To comprehend the speaker's intention, listeners must therefore navigate this variability. We investigate whether listeners adapt their pragmatic inferences in response to recent exposure and, if so, whether such adaptation is rapidly integrated with online pragmatic processing. To this end, we examine 1) interpretations of contrastive focus, which can signal that pragmatic inference is required to determine speaker meaning (e.g., Ito & Speer, 2008; Pierrehumbert & Hirschberg, 1990; Watson et al., 2008) and 2) referential resolution based on scalar adjectives (e.g., "Pick up the tall glass", Sedivy et al., 1999). I will present a couple of studies being done in collaboration with Michael Tanenhaus (Rochester), Meredith Brown (Tufts), Amanda Pogue (Rochester), Bethany Gardner (Rochester), Sarah Brown-Schmidt (Vanderbilt), Rachel Ryskin (Illinois).

4.35 pm  Iris-Corinna Schwarz, Ellen Marklund and Hatice Zora, Stockholm University: Parallel processing of phonetic and lexical information within the MMN paradigm

4.45 pm  Kristina Nilsson Björkenstam, Mats Wirén and Robert Östling, Stockholm University: Modelling the informativeness and timing of non-verbal cues in parent-child interaction

4.55 pm  Ljuba Veselinova, Stockholm University: Suppletion from a typological perspective

5.05 pm  Maria Koptjevskaja Tamm, Stockholm University: Propername compounds

5.15 pm– Concluding discussion followed by dinner at 6.30 pm


Maria Koptjevskaja-Tamm and Iris-Corinna Schwarz