Tid: Torsdag 19 maj 2016, kl. 15:00-17:00
Plats: C307, Södra huset, Frescati

Postseminarium följer direkt efter seminariet i institutionens pentry.

In accounting for the properties of morphological constructions, one may adopt a source-oriented view where every property of the whole is expected to come from the parts. Alternatively, one may adopt a product-oriented view where the whole may have properties that do not necessarily emanate from the constituents (cf. Zager 1981; Haspelmath 1989).

Studies on Akan complex nouns have been largely source-oriented. Scholars have assumed that properties of the whole either emanate directly from the constituents, e.g., the syntactic category of complex nouns (Christaller 1875; Anderson 2013; Anyidoho 1990; Obeng 2009), or arrived at through processes that modify corresponding properties in the constituents e.g., tonal melody of complex nominals (Anderson 2013; Anyidoho 1990; Obeng 2009; Abakah 2004, 2006).

Constructionist approaches to morphology stress the fact that morphological constructions often have properties that do not emanate from those of their constituents. Such properties are said to be holistic or output properties of the constructions. In this presentation, I will provide evidence of such holistic properties in Akan compounds.

First, I will show that the syntactic category of Akan compounds does not come from the syntactic category of the constituents. Thus, notwithstanding the syntactic category of the constituents, the Akan compound will be a noun. Secondly, I show that the tonal melody of Akan compounds do not necessary result from changes on underlying tonal melodies of the constituents. Rather, some Akan compounds are defined by specific output tonal melodies.

These observations about Akan compound constructions are not new at all. However, because previous studies where source-oriented in perspective, they missed what were glaring features that defined specific constructions. I, therefore offer a constructionist approach that takes on board the fact that the Akan morphological constructions at issue can have holistic properties. I will present a construction morphology modelling of the properties, arguing that the relevant features are inherited from constructional schemas (Appah 2015).

Abakah, Emmanuel Nicholas. 2004. The segmental and tone melodies of Akan. Trondheim: Norwegian University of Science and Technology Dissertation.
Abakah, Emmanuel Nicholas. 2006. The Tonology of Compounds in Akan. Languages and Linguistics, 17: 1-33.
Anderson, Jonathan Carl. 2013. Verb-internal compound formation in Akan. Journal of West African languages, 40 (1): 89-104.
Anyidoho, Akosua. 1990. On Tone in Akan Compound Nouns. Paper presented at the the 19th West African Languages Congress, University of Ghana, Legon.
Appah, Clement Kwamina Insaidoo. 2015. On the syntactic category of the Akan compound: a product-oriented perspective. Acta Linguistica Hungarica, 62 (4): 361-394.
Christaller, Johannes Gottlieb. 1875. A Grammar of the Asante and Fante Language called Tshi (Chwee, Twi) based on the Akuapem dialect with reference to the other (Akan and Fante) dialects. Basel: Basel Evangelical Missionary Society.
Haspelmath, Martin. 1989. Schemas in Hausa plural formation: product-orientation and motivation vs. source-orientation and generation. Buffalo Working Papers in Linguistics, 89: 32-74.
Obeng, Samuel Gyasi. 2009. Akan deverbal nouns. In S.G. Obeng (ed.), Topics in Descriptive and African Linguistics: Essays in Honor of Distinguished Professor Paul Newman. 96-110. Muenchen: LINCOM Europa.
Zager, David. 1981. On orientation or, constraining false analogy. Linguistics, 19 (11-12): 1107-113

A brief bio of the speaker comes below
Clement Kwamina Insaidoo Appah is a Lecturer in Linguistics at the University of Ghana where he has been working since 2004.  He graduated from the University of Ghana with Bachelor of Arts (Hons.) in Linguistics and Swahili in 2000. He went on to obtain an MPhil in Linguistics in 2003 from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Norway and a PhD in Linguistics from Lancaster University in the UK. His research interests include Akan linguistics, Morphological Theory (Construction Morphology), word formation, nominalization, compounding, expression of exocentricity, evaluative morphology (diminution) and serial verb constructions.

Hjärtligt välkomna!
Maria Koptjevskaja-Tamm och Ljuba Veselinova