Tid och plats:

Onsdagen 16 mars klockan 15-16 i sal C389, Södra huset, Frescati.

Inför seminariet läser vi de två artiklarna:

Susan S Jones (2009) The development of imitation in infancy
Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 364, 2325-2335.


An overview of existing data on imitation in infancy suggests that changes in the direction of imitation research are underway. The widely accepted view that newborn infants imitate lacks supporting evidence. Instead, existing data suggest that infants do not imitate others until their second year, and that imitation of different kinds of behaviour emerges at different ages. The evidence is consistent with a dynamic systems account in which the ability to imitate is not an inherited, specialized module, but is instead the emergent product of a system of social, cognitive and motor components, each with its own developmental history.

Susan S Jones (1996) Imitation or exploration? Young infant's matching of adults' oral gestures
Child Development 67, 1952-1969.


The claim that very young infants can imitate rests largely on reports that infants match adult displays of mouth opening (MO) and tongue protrusion (TP). Recent reviews suggest that only tongue protruding is reliably matched by young infants. This study tests the proposal that infants' “imitation” of tongue protruding reflects a coincidental match between a sight that infants find interesting and a behaviour by which infants express interest. In Study 1, 4-week-old infants who looked longer at a non-social light display also produced TPs at higher rates than infants showing less interest. In Study 2, 4-week-old infants showed more interest in (looked longer at) a tongue-protruding adult face than a mouth-opening face. Study 3 tracked 2 infants' responses to interesting objects for several weeks before and after the onset of manual reaching. Both infants produced tongue protrusions in response to objects within reach before but not after reaching developed. Together, the results of the 3 studies suggest that infants' tongue protrusions in response to a tongue-protruding adult reflect very early attempts at oral exploration of interesting objects.

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