Tid: Onsdag 10 december 2014 kl. 15:00–17:00
Plats: C307, Södra huset, Frescati

Postseminarium följer direkt efter seminariet i institutionens pentry.

Investigating markedness reduction strategies in young multilingual learners using EEG

Hannah Neuser

The past decade has seen a steep increase in research on third language acquisition and multilingualism, with crosslinguistic influence a central aspect of this field of enquiry.  In this context, I conducted an earlier study on transfer in young multilingual learners, which not only gave insight into the amount of transfer and source language of transfer but also into how these items were transferred. Students made use of strategic adaptations to the transferred words in order to make them fit English morpho-syntactic and phonological rules. Source language words are often marked for the particular language they originate from, e.g. [Bienen] is marked for German due to its noun capitalisation, -ie- vowel combination and –en plural ending. The learners in this study removed these marked features when transferring the item and replaced them with features that are in accordance with English orthographic legality, e.g. [Bienen] was manipulated to [beens].

The aim of the present study was to investigate whether these adaptations were effective when measured through the perception of orthographic legality in native speakers using EEG recordings. If they are effective, this would be an indication of strong markedness reduction strategies in young multilingual learners. The experiment consisted of a lexical decision task and uses the N400 paradigm, with focus on a potential N320 component, reflecting orthographic, rather than semantic, processing (González-Garrido et al., 2011).

Measuring perceived accent difference using oddball paradigm

Clelia LaMonica

This study investigates the relationship between acoustic distance and ERP amplitude, specifically in terms of whether perception of monophthongization in American accents is related to amplitude at the MMN and P3a time frames. Using an oddball paradigm, it was expected that the more acoustically different a pronunciation is from the standard, the higher the resulting amplitude will be for the ERP.

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