Tid: Fredag 29 maj 2015, kl. 15:00–17:00
Plats: C307, Södra huset, Frescati

Postseminarium följer direkt efter seminariet i institutionens pentry.

Abstract

Research  on  pointing  has  mainly  focused  on  preverbal  points  and  the  mental states  they  express.  We know very little about the pointings that accompany early language development. In this presentation points and their simultaneous speech acts in longitudinal data of 2‐ and 3-year old children learning Russian, German and Chintang (Sino-Tibetan, Nepal) and their surrounding adults are presented. There are three main results (Lieven & Stoll in prep.): First, children and adults of all three cultures point frequently.  However, there are significant differences in the amount of pointing for the children. Chintang children point least - approximately 12 times per hour. German children point most with around 30 points per hour. Adults in all three cultures pointed at similar rates. Second, in all three cultures a variety of points (finger -, hand -, head points) were used.  Finger points were most frequent in all adults and children. The children of the three cultures behave significantly differently, with Chintang children using significantly fewer finger points than the children of the other two cultures. Adults again show similar distributions of point types.  Third, relative frequencies of speech acts accompanying points do not differ across cultures. Both children and adults use points most with declaratives followed by imperatives and questions.  However, children and adults differ across cultures with children using hardly any imperatives with their points. Children, in contrast to adults, also use a considerable number of points without any utterance, i.e. points substitute for language.  In  this  talk  I  discuss  the  culture and  language specific  differences  in  the frequency and type of points used by children in contrast to the adults. Further, I discuss whether the striking similarities in the use of points and accompanying speech  acts  by  adults  in  languages  and  cultures  which  differ  as  widely as Chintang, Russian and German provide evidence for potentially universal tendencies.

För mer information om föreläsaren:
http://www.psycholinguistics.uzh.ch/stoll.html

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